Joseph once had a dream that his brothers, in fact even his father and mother, would bow down to him. That’s what got him sold off into slavery in Egypt. Now, after spending many years in jail, he is confronted again with prophetic dreams. This time he interprets the dreams of two of his fellow prisoners. Did you notice who they are? One is the chief baker – he makes bread. The other is the cup barer – he serves the Pharaoh his wine. This is a marker in the text. The story of Joseph has prophetic aspects. Notice, the cup barer is restored to his position. While the chief baker is impaled on a steak which is an allusion to crucifixion. The fellow prisoners are Christ figures, who will be killed by being hung on a cross but also be restored.
Further, Joseph also interprets the dream of pharaoh, who then elevates Joseph from the dungeon – an allusion to death and the underworld, to a position of total authority over the entire kingdom second only to pharaoh. This again is an allusion to Christ, the resurrection of the dead and his ascension into Heaven to “be seated at the right hand of the Father”.
Finally, notice that that the famine that comes covers the entire world. In order to live, the whole world has to come to the Kingdom of Egypt to get grain for Bread. To get the grain they have to go through Joseph. Again, this is Christological – a prefiguring of Christ. Jesus said, “…I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never go hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty” And “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.”