Very cool and interesting reading in the Old Testament with King Solomon today in chapter 2 of the book of Kings. Solomon has just been anointed king and he is establishing his rule. We see this event transpire:
13 Then Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon. And she said, “Do you come peacefully?” He said, “Peacefully.” 14 Then he said, “I have something to say to you.” She said, “Speak.” 15 He said, “You know that the kingdom was mine, and that all Israel fully expected me to reign. However, the kingdom has turned about and become my brother’s, for it was his from the Lord. 16 And now I have one request to make of you; do not refuse me.” She said to him, “Speak.” 17 And he said, “Please ask King Solomon—he will not refuse you—to give me Abishag the Shunammite as my wife.” 18 Bathsheba said, “Very well; I will speak for you to the king.” So Bathsheba went to King Solomon to speak to him on behalf of Adonijah. And the king rose to meet her and bowed down to her. Then he sat on his throne and had a seat brought for the king’s mother, and she sat on his right. 20 Then she said, “I have one small request to make of you; do not refuse me.” And the king said to her, “Make your request, my mother, for I will not refuse you.” 21 She said, “Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah your brother as his wife.” 22 King Solomon answered his mother, “And why do you ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? Ask for him the kingdom also, for he is my older brother, and on his side are Abiathar the priest and Joab the son of Zeruiah.”
So what’s happening here is that in the ancient Jewish monarchy the mother of the king, not the king’s wife, was the queen. This was because a king could have multiple wives and it avoided the wives vying for position as the first or top wife. The mother of the king was also known as the “Queen mother” and she was the advocate for the people, interceding for the people with the king.
Notice what the king does when his mother arrives. He bows to her! Showing her great respect (but also establishing that bowing is not akin to worship). He has a chair brought in and placed at his right side so that she may sit at his right hand.
Of course, Jesus is a successor to the kingship of Israel. This means his mother Mary, is our Queen Mother and advocate to the king. Remember, when the Apostles asked that Jesus allow them to be seated at his right hand? What did Jesus say? He said he couldn’t because it was not his to give. Why? Because who will sit in the seat at his right hand is already established by the Father. Through Israel’s monarchy it is reserved to the mother of the King.
Finally, notice what Adonijah and Solomon both say about the request of the Queen mother. Both say that a request of the queen mother will not be refused. This however, is a human interaction. Solomon sees through Adonijah’s plan to usurp power and strengthen his claim to the throne. In the heavenly kingdom Mary’s will is perfectly united to her son’s. Thus, she would not advocate for a request that was inconsistent with the will of her son.